- Published on Wednesday, 23 November 2011 14:24
- Written by HU WebAdmin
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Construction Technology is an important application of science, which plays a major role in the social and economic development of modern society. In order to perform this role effectively, construction engineers require a broad understanding of scientific principles, knowledge of materials, applied knowledge of civil engineering and the capacity to analyse and synthesise in order to arrive at solutions. This requires research, team working, and leadership and business skills. And it has to be situated in a social, economic and environmental context that reflects the reality within which the construction engineer finds him/herself.
In Ethiopia, Construction Technology and Management has great role to play in supporting economic development and contribute towards the improvement of the construction industry. This role and contribution input is at different geospatial scales, from the Federal to the local, in both an urban and a rural context. As a country that is moving into a rapid phase of growth, the contribution that construction management can make to ensure that this growth is sustainable is a particularly important one. It is therefore of vital importance that construction Managers are prepared, professionally, to met this growth challenge and contribute to sustainable development.
Currently construction industry in our country is relatively indicating better advancement in applying modern materials, techniques and methods in architectural and structural designs, it has been felt that implementation of these designs on the ground has not moved on same track as expected and is lagging behind and experiencing many problems like;
- Poor coordination of project resources such as material, human, financial, physical and information that would often result to periodical suspension of work and significant delay of projects,
- One could hardly find a construction company competent enough to participate in international bid by adopting the international quality assurance system in the product and processes of the construction activities,
- One could hardly find a construction company who could properly keep records and documents of its past performances and apply information based management systems in its future undertakings,
In effect, it has become a common trend today to see projects running to difficulties in terms of meeting their contractual requirements such as completion time, budgetary limitations, and quality of work.
So the vision of the CoTM department is through achieving its academic mission modernizing our country’s construction industry, in which the projects meet their contractual requirement.
The mission of the CoTM department is;
- Through the development of practice oriented education and research, to produce well-qualified professionals in the fields of construction management,
- Promote a strong sense of ethics and professionalism in the construction sector,
- Conduct researches to identity real problems in the country related to construction management, methods & materials, and find better solutions.
Objectives of the B.Sc. Program
The Objective of this B.Sc. program is to produce outstanding construction technology graduates who have been prepared to become technological, managerial and public service leaders capable of understanding the social and environmental challenges that face the country, and who will be in a position to make a meaningful contribution to both national social and economic growth and development as well as being able to respond to, and benefit from, the impact of global change. The Institute and the staff are committed to creating a learning environment that provides a level of knowledge and competency in these areas, through an innovative program of study, supported by a capability in information technology use, coupled with a capacity to integrate the key social and environmental issues facing the country.
This program is aimed primarily at training engineers required for constructing buildings and working in infrastructure building projects, though the skills imparted will also enable the graduates to work in some other fields of civil engineering. It will produce well qualified engineers knowledgeable in the core engineering science areas of structural, geotechnical and materials engineering. At the same time those graduates will also have extensive knowledge of construction technology and infrastructure as a resource and as a service, ensuring that they can be actively engaged in the planning, development and management of construction/infrastructure projects. Specifically, the trainees will be equipped with the knowledge that enables them to execute the following tasks:
- Undertake project identification, pre-feasibility and feasibility studies in a challenging social and economic context, and work in civil engineering constructions that are appropriate to that context.
- Prepare contract documents for civil engineering projects that can be undertaken by either machine- or labour-based construction methods.
- Manage and maintain the civil engineering works in a cost-effective and efficient manner.
- Manage the resource flows (water, waste, materials, labour etc) associated with the civil engineering works.
Core Services and Activities (Graduate Profile)
There are two core service areas of construction technology:
A)Construction engineering & technology: This area deals with the engineering sciences and technology involved. Mainly this concentrates in structural materials, technology in the scientific way of performing construction, accessories and supportive knowledge required to the core area
B) Construction management: This area deals with the overall planning, co-ordination and control of a project from inception to completion aimed at meeting a client’s requirements in order to produce a functionally and financially viable project that will be completed on time within authorized cost and to the required quality standards.
In order to work effectively with the core services outlined above, the construction engineer will be involved in, and require an understanding of, the following activities:
- Carry out reviews of existing problems and situations.
- Identify innovative and economical solutions.
- Work effectively and in a collaborative way in a multidisciplinary environment.
- Develop proposals that are matched to the social, economic and environmental.
Analysis and synthesis
- Have a working knowledge of current design standards, guidelines and hand books.
- Carry out topographic survey.
- Prepare Bills of Quantities and Specifications.
- Prepare cost estimates.
- Manage a tendering process.
- Evaluate tenders.
- Review and approve contractor’s program, method and schedule.
- Supervise projects to ensure that drawings, specifications, materials and workmanship are as specified in the contract.
- Check and approve measurement of work executed.
- Administer claims and disputes.
- Issue engineering instruction and variation order, check and approve variation order.
- Manage construction activities and available resources including planning, scheduling, controlling and reporting.
- Decide method of construction.
- Manage labour-based construction projects.
- Conduct studies on cost of construction, materials, labour, equipment and productivity.
- Manage construction activities and available resources including planning, scheduling, cost estimating, controlling and reporting.
- Develop plans for new infrastructure projects.
- Develop and manage contracts for consultants.
- Plan and organize the maintenance and repair of existing structure/infrastructure.
- Work in a management team with other disciplines.
- Plan and organise laboratory tests on soils, rocks and construction materials.
- Develop an asset management plan for the project.
- Develop life-cycle costing plans for assets.
- Prepare budgets for capital investment.
- Prepare operation and maintenance budgets.
- Plan, execute and monitor spending programs.
- Prepare a brief for an environmental impact assessment.
- Calculate the carbon value of resources used in infrastructure management, covering the products (e.g. human waste) or the activity (e.g. aggregate extraction from a quarry).
- Incorporate environmental costs into life cycle costing.
- Prepare a brief for a social survey linked to infrastructure need and/or use.
- Evaluate the impact of an infrastructure project proposal on social equity and affordability.