- Category: School of Governance and Development Studies
- Published on 18 February 2014
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COLLEGE OF LAW AND GOVERNANCE
SCHOOL OF GOVERNANCE AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
IMPACTS OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT ON HAWASSA CITY ADMINISTRATION SNNPR, ETHIOPIA
By: WANNO WALLOLE WABARA, June 2013
Road safety is both a health and development issue of concern considering its magnitude and gravity and its consequent impacts on the economy, public health and the general welfare of the people, particularly those with low incomes. Humanitarian aspects of road safety, the fatalities, injuries and property damage which occur as a result of road accidents have serious implications on SNNPR as well as a country in both social and economic terms. Hence, the aim of this research is to present an analysis and overview of the impacts of road accidents on socio-economic wellbeing of victims and, of course, of the country by taking Hawassa as case site. The study is conducted by using descriptive study design. It is a quantitative dominant concurrent mixed research methodology. By applying multi-stage random sampling technique, a sample size of 132 victim household individuals from five sample kebeles of Hawssa City Administration; namely, Wukuro, Tesso, “Addis Ababa”, Nigat Kokeb and Leku were selected. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected through questionnaire, KIIs and FGDs and analyzed and presented using tables, graphs and figures by making uni-variate, bi-variate, and paired t-test. The result of this study indicates that the major factors contributing to RTAs in Hawssa City include speed, irresponsible driving, violation of traffic laws, poorly managed and placed of damaged vehicles and unsafe roads. Though Ethiopia has basic legislation for road safety, inadequate enforcement of existing road safety laws has been observed in Hawassa city. Besides, corruption and poor data collection and recording systems during accidents were prevalent. RTA in Hawassa city was identified not only as causes of health crisis on individuals and family members of victim(s) but also an issue of serious economic, social and psychological crisis with its short and long term impacts. It is the contention of this study that success in road safety initiatives requires active cooperation and participation of all stakeholders including pedestrians, vehicle owners, drivers, traffic police, road authority, judiciary, and city administration.