School of Graduate Studies Thesis Abstracts
- Published on Tuesday, 24 July 2012 16:27
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FACTORS THAT AFFECT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF FEMALE STUDENTS IN SCIENCE SUBJECTS:
THE CASE OF SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN GURAGE ZONE OF SNNPR
School of Education & Training, 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the academic status of female students in science subjects and to identify the basic factors that affect academic performance of female students in science subjects in selected secondary schools of Gurage Zone. In order to attain the objectives of the study, descriptive survey method was employed. The study was carried out in six secondary and preparatory schools that were selected by purposive sampling techniques from secondary schools 29 of Gurage Zone. The subjects of the study were 333 female students, 53 science teachers, 6 school principals and 6 academic vice principals. To select female students and science teachers’ simple random sampling technique was used. Questionnaires, interview and document were the instruments used for data collection. The data gathered were analyzed using statistical tools such as mean, standard deviations, percentage, chi-square, one sample t-test and correlation. Findings revealed that female student’s academic achievements in science subjects are low especially in Physics compared to others. The factors to female students’ performance in science subjects were School, student, teacher and parent related factors. These factors have also relation with Chemistry, Biology and Physics results. To solve or minimize the problem measures like strengthening the performance of female students in science subjects at secondary level through provision of teaching learning materials, laboratory equipments and chemicals and creating fertile conditions of the school for teaching learning process is recommended. School community, Woredas, Zone and Regional education bureau should be considerable. Zone rural development bureau and other governmental administrative offices should jointly work to change family income and educational level in order to invest materials and finance for the successful performance of female students in science subjects.