School of Graduate Studies Thesis Abstracts
- Published on Wednesday, 25 July 2012 21:00
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PROVISION OF PRIMARY EDUCATION FOR PASTORALIST CHILDREN: CHALLENGES AND ALTERNATIVES, THE CASSE OF DEBUB OMO ZONE IN SNNPR, ETHIOPIA
Melese Mekonnen W/Mariam
School of Education and Training, 2012
The purpose of this study is to examine the status of primary education participation of pastoral children in Debub Omo Zone, to identify the major sociocultural, socioeconomic and school related factors that hinder their participation and suggest possible strategies that need to address the educational marginalization of pastoral children in Debub Omo Zone. To achieve this purpose a descriptive survey research was conducted. The study was based on data generated on three Woredas, namely Dasenech, Nyangatom and Hamer. The sources of data for the study were 114 students, 30 teachers, 12 principals, 12 supervisors, 6 education officers and 21 pastoral community representatives. The technique used for identifying sample respondents and Woredas were purposive and availability sampling. The instruments used for data collection were questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions and document review. The data obtained from questionnaires were analyzed using statistical tools like frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, one sample t-test, one way ANOVA with Scheffe post-hoc mean comparison method were used. According to the findings, primary education participation of pastoral children was characterized by very low enrollment, male-biased, high dropout rate, and urban oriented. Majority of the pastoralist communities were illiterate. Among the factors found to be the causes for low school participation of pastoral children, sociocultural and socioeconomic factors while more affected and less affected by school related factors. Sociocultural factors, the perception of pastoral parents for daughters as source of income, cultural pressure for early marriage, low level of Pastoral Parents attitude towards education, absence of pastoralist role models in educating all of their children, the Kabana ritual, and the Circumcision ritual were reported as the major factors. With regard to Socioeconomic factors, the pastoralist way of life (mobility), sparse settlement, pastoral parents illiteracy, the demand for child labour, conflicts, poverty because of drought, shortage of primary 2nd cycle schools, and absence of conducive market were also reported as the major factors lowering the participation of pastoral children in primary education. In conclusion, above mentioned socio-cultural, socio-economic, and school related factors affect the primary education participation of pastoral children. In order to alleviate these problems from the pastoralist area of Debub Omo Zone, the concerned Governmental and Non-governmental organizations and other concerned bodies should work hard to create awareness about the importance of education for pastoral children, to eliminate the cultural influences and the traditional activities against children education through different mechanisms such as train the communities, meeting, workshops, advice with their elders and educated pastoralists, local authorities in the pastoralist areas.